IP6-Farooq Habib

Share this article



Conflict has always remained an unavoidable part of human history. Nations gradually evolve a distinct construct of deas and principles, called ‘strategic thought’ in the security lexicon, which guide its application of power in wars. Pakistan, with a long conflict legacy also adheres to certain tenets in its use of military power. Quest for alliances, extraordinary emphasis on combat training, overreliance on irregular warfare, firm resolve to fight offensively, preference of continental strategy and search for deterrence capabilities stand out as major strands of Pakistan’s ‘strategic thought’ which simultaneously reflects its strategic culture and the desire to safeguard national interests. Some of these guiding principles have, however, lost validity in present times, necessitating a case for review. Foremost, Pakistan must pursue geoeconomics as an essential enabler of its strategic thought. Alongside, it should develop a proactive foreign policy while reinvigorating the role of the Foreign Office. There is also a need for renewed focus on air and maritime strategies while striving for an integrated military response. Subscribing to a ‘whole of nation’ approach while being more inclusive in getting inputs and factoring in the internal threats into Pakistan’s strategic thought are essential to address the expansive challenges of hybrid war. Finally, Pakistan must embrace the opportunities offered by emerging technologies in the military domain.

Issue Paper

Recent Publications

Browse through the list of recent publications.

Humans in the Age of Generative AI

As the fourth Industrial Revolution unfolds, Artificial Intelligence – devouring computational power and big data – is fuelling an ‘AI Spring.’ This article outlines the trends in Generative AI and explores the need to invest in human capital through upskilling/reskilling programmes amid fears of AI replacing humans. It attempts to reframe the conversation and larger vision in a positive light such that primacy remains with humans.

Read More »

The Conundrum of TTP in Pak-Afghan Relations

Over several decades, Pak-Afghan relations have been characterised by phases of turbulence and stability. The current phase of bilateral relations is also marked by relative friction between the two neighbours. The primary reason for the strained relationship is Pakistan’s concern about either the inability or lack of will by the interim Afghan government to rein in Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP).

Read More »

Work-from-Home to Vote-from-Home

The COVID-19 pandemic left behind many enduring legacies, with remote work, commonly known as Work-From-Home (WFH) being one of its more enduring ones. Back then, workplaces witnessed a remarkable revamp in routines, schedules and practices. Weekly office meetings shifted from conference rooms to living rooms via virtual meeting apps. Home desks assumed the role of office cabins, complete with the added benefit of flexible working hours in many instances.


Read More »

Stay Connected

Follow and Subscribe

Join Our Newsletter
And get notified everytime we publish new content.


Developed By Team CASSTT

Contact CASS

CASS (Centre for Aerospace & Security Studies), Old Airport Road, Islamabad
+92 51 5405011

All views and opinions expressed or implied are those of the authors/speakers/internal and external scholars and should not be construed as carrying the official sanction of CASS.