Share this article


After its independence in 1947, India promoted itself as the largest democracy and a secular state in the world. However, since then the deep-rooted violence, extremism and fascism have dominated Indian politics. Madhav Sadashiv Golwalkar, one of the founders of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) had changed the very nature of Indian polity and its statecraft. However, hatred against minorities in general and Muslims in particular was engraved in Indian politics even before partition of the subcontinent. Golwalkar categorically declared Muslims, Christians and Communists a major internal threat to India in his many writings. He also gave the concept of ‘Hindu Rashtra’ in which all laws of the land, governance and economy need to be based on the Hindu way of life.

The RSS indoctrinated elements of violence and extremism dominated Indian society to an extent that the father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi was brutally assassinated in January 1948 by Nathuram Godse—an RSS associated extremist. Gandhi, being a proponent of peaceful co-existence of communities, was concerned about the basic rights of minorities in India. His assassination was a clear indication that the extremist ideology of RSS was taking strong root in the socio-political fabric of society. Even though RSS was banned in 1948, it led to the formation of Akhil Bharatiya Jana Sangh in 1951, an offshoot of RSS. Later, it was transformed as a mainstream political party, Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in 1981 and emerged as a strong political force and gradually grabbed considerable space in Indian politics. Over decades, BJP evolved as an extreme right wing political force. Even though Atal Bihari Vajpayee was a moderate face of the BJP, however, the fact remains that the party strengthened itself as a violent extremist Hindu nationalist force under his rule. Now, under the Narendra Modi’s leadership, the process of ‘hindutvatisation’ is being implemented by BJP as evident from its decisions related to Citizenship (Amendment) Act, abrogation of articles 370 and 35A, changing demography of IIOJK, controversial decision of building a temple in place of the historic Babri Mosque, Delhi riots and farmers’ protests.

BJP would likely continue its legacy of making India a ‘Hindu Rashtra’ in the future as well. For this purpose, it is now investing in Yogi Adityanath as Modi’s successor by making him the appalling face of BJP. He is currently Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh (UP), the largest state in India in terms of electoral representation in the Lok Sabha (the Indian parliament). He came into power on the basis of anti-Muslim slogans. His hatred towards Muslims is openly shared in his public speeches. For example, he pledged to change the names of ‘Ahmedabad’ city of UP state to ‘Karnavati’ and ‘Hyderabad’ city of Telangna state to ‘Bhagyanagar’ — the two Muslim dominated historic cities. This implies that if Adityanath comes into power at the national level, the drive of demographic changes started in Jammu and Kashmir by the Modi government will be spearheaded by him and he will further pervert the cultural, religious and demographic strength of Muslims. This will ultimately pave the way for the BJP to achieve its long-standing aim of turning India into a totalitarian ‘Hindu Rashtra.’

During the current election campaign in UP, Adityanath also promised to ban cow slaughter in India. The statement depicts his poisonous plan to drag religion into politics and is adding fuel to fire on existing anti-Muslim violent sentiments in India. Likewise, his remarks about the ongoing Karnataka hijab row are of serious concern for the Muslim community. He claimed that no woman wears hijab by choice, such sweeping statements is indicative of his rancorousness towards Muslims of India.

To conclude, if Yogi Adityanath succeeds Prime Minister Modi, the RSS led ideology of the BJP and its sinister plans based on violence, hatred and antagonism towards Muslims will further lead the already fragile Indian society towards fundamentalism. This will ultimately pose a major threat to regional peace and stability, if rogue ideologues like Adityanath are given a chance to rule the so-called largest democracy of the world.

Asad Ullah Khan is a Senior Researcher at Centre for Aerospace & Security Studies (CASS), Islamabad, Pakistan. He can be reached at

Image Source:Express Tribune. “Violence in Delhi rising as Modi’s party opposes construction of Hajj House” The Express Tribune, 27 Aug 2021. 

Recent Publications

Browse through the list of recent publications.

Pakistan’s Unrealised Remittance Potential

The tide of outward migration from Pakistan surged considerably over the past two years (2022 and 2023), with several millions opting to emigrate with the aim of securing better prospects overseas. For instance, the number of skilled, highly skilled, and highly qualified worker migrants from Pakistan alone increased to 0.77 million, compared to 0.26 million in 2020 and 2021 and 0.48 million during 2018 and 2019, the two years before the pandemic.

Read More »

Neuralink Implant: Scrolling via Thoughts

The human thinking process is nothing short of a miracle. Our brain houses billions of neurons. Physical and mental activities are conditional upon the generation of electrical impulses which are passed on from one neuron to another. Technological advancements have led to the development of devices with the ability to detect impulses generated in the brain and develop an interface with smart devices.

Read More »

The US Annual Threat Assessment Report: An Analysis

The world is in flux with rapid geopolitical changes, accelerating competition, and ongoing conflicts across many regions. Amidst this backdrop, the recently released 2024 Annual Threat Assessment (ATA) of the U.S. Intelligence Community gives a bird’s eye view of US perceptions and misperceptions about the various evolving threats to its national security.

Read More »

Stay Connected

Follow and Subscribe

Join Our Newsletter
And get notified everytime we publish new content.


Developed By Team CASSTT

Contact CASS

CASS (Centre for Aerospace & Security Studies), Old Airport Road, Islamabad
+92 51 5405011

All views and opinions expressed or implied are those of the authors/speakers/internal and external scholars and should not be construed as carrying the official sanction of CASS.