OA Turf
Economic Affairs & National Development

TERF’s Turf

Considerable controversy has emerged over the Temporary Economic Refinance Facility (TERF), a pandemic-era stimulus program that was launched under the auspices of the State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) as a concessionary financing facility for capital investment.

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Economic Affairs & National Development

Save the Salaried Class

The salaried class in Pakistan has long borne the brunt of iniquitous taxation. Although not large in terms of sheer numbers per se, their tax effort is far larger than that of many sectors that are either uncovered or under-covered by the ramshackle tax architecture.

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Peace and Conflict

Iran-Afghanistan Water Dispute and Regional Implications

The water issue between Iran and Afghanistan is not new. It can be traced back to 1973 when a formal treaty was signed between the two countries. Despite this agreement, both states have been unable to amicably resolve their transboundary water​

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Artificial Intelligence

Hybrid (Human-AI) Intelligence in Healthcare Delivery

At the end of the Nineteenth Century, Europe was spellbound by the intelligence of a German stallion who could ‘solve math problems, tell time, identify days on a calendar, differentiate musical tones and spell out words and sentences. ​

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Titan Submersible Implosion

A Tragic End: From Titanic to the Titan

The passenger liner ‘Titanic’ sank more than a 100 years ago in 1912 but continues to be an intriguing story for many. Its dreadful end, with more than 1,500 lives lost, has been captured in various books, ​

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