As a new generation of graduates enters the workforce, it is unfortunate that they are beginning to find it increasingly difficult to gain a measure of access and exposure to the professional world. The International Labor Organization (ILO) has touted good internships as an important vehicle for connecting young talent to the labor market, but finds that there are serious deficiencies in internship management around the world. In fact, one can view the problem as one of diminution in the internship model more broadly, and it is not specific to Pakistan but rather speaks to a larger international problem that finds echoes in every capitalist society. CASS sees the internship system around the world as having devolved into two types: exploitation and anomie.
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The term ‘Mafia’ traces its roots to Sicily, where it emerged as a covert international organisation. Initially perceived as a group formed to resist oppression, it swiftly morphed into a nefarious criminal organisation. This transformation was notably transported to the United States in the late 19th Century by Italian immigrants. Known by various monikers such as the Syndicate, the Mob, and Cosa Nostra (literally ‘Our Thing’), the Mafia has etched a distinct identity in the criminal underworld.
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With the global world adapting rapidly to digitalisation, the education sector is also transforming by inculcating various digital practices for making knowledge accessible and consequently bridging the educational access divide between different socioeconomic groups. Governments around the world have created favourable policy environments to facilitate such transformations.
Moscow and Minsk, a supranational union called the Union State, agreed to station tactical nuclear weapons (TNWs) in Belarus on 25 May 2023, a decision in consideration since December 2021. Russia delivered the first batch of weapons in June 2023, with the rest expected to be deployed by year-end. In August 2023, Poland also confirmed the movement of weapons.
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