Personality development is a crucial factor that shapes an individual’s life and has far-reaching implications for the collective well-being, security, and future of a nation. Education and schooling have the potential to significantly influence personality development, yet the existing literature on this topic is outdated and calls for updated insights and data. This Working Paper investigates the interplay between education and personality development, focusing on the role of educational institutions and teachers in shaping the personalities of primary school students in Pakistan. The study utilises a combination of primary and secondary data, including open-ended interviews with teachers and analysis of secondary literature. The paper concludes by providing recommendations to policymakers, emphasising the need for a renewed emphasis on incorporating personality development and character building in school curricula and improving teacher training programmes to lay a solid foundation for individual development and national security.