Recent Articles

Here are some of our recent publications

Nuclear
The P5 Pledge to Avoid Nuclear War should be Celebrated

The P5 Pledge to Avoid Nuclear War should be Celebrated

On January 3, leaders of the five nuclear-weapon states (the US, Russia, China, the UK and France, collectively known as P5) issued a joint statement on “preventing nuclear war and avoiding arms races”. The […]

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Domestic Economy
The Vanguard of Geoeconomics

The Vanguard of Geoeconomics

As the new National Security Policy (NSP) unequivocally states, geoeconomics is the new paradigm through which Pakistan will shape its security calculus. As a whole-of-government document, the NSP directs the entirety of the state […]

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International Relations
Introducing ‘Realizm’

Introducing ‘Realizm’

Abstract  According to realist paradigm, the present international system is anarchic and selfish, and therefore needs to be reset, because the gap between the developed and developing nations has reached dangerous levels. The wars between […]

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Human Rights
The Missing Link in Human Security

The Missing Link in Human Security

Human security figured out prominently in the recently approved draft of Pakistan’s first-ever National Security Policy (NSP), and it is a welcome step by the government. However, it is extremely important that we understand […]

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Government & Politics
  National Security Policy of Pakistan: Critical Roadmap for the Future

National Security Policy of Pakistan: Critical Roadmap for the Future

Pakistan’s National Security Adviser (NSA) to the Prime Minister, Dr Moeed Yusuf, unveiled the country’s first ever National Security Policy (NSP) in the last month of 2021. It has been approved by the Federal […]

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Domestic Economy
Blizzards of Greed

Blizzards of Greed

The recent tragedy during a blizzard in Murree involving many stranded domestic tourists is illustrative of an industry that took the free market ideology a bit too closely to heart. 22 citizens, including 10 […]

136 views

Emerging Technologies
Predicting 2022

Predicting 2022

It is difficult to predict what the future holds. However, estimations can be made based on careful evaluation of past experiences and years. The following predictions are, therefore, being shared as possible outcomes that […]

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Government & Politics
Individual and National Security Go Hand in Hand

Individual and National Security Go Hand in Hand

Pakistan’s first National Security Policy (NSP) was endorsed in the 36th National Security Committee (NSC) meeting chaired by Prime Minister Imran Khan on 27th December 2021. The NSC consists of the country’s key senior […]

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Afghanistan
OIC’s Council on Foreign Ministers Meeting & Pakistan’s Commitment towards Ending Humanitarian Crisis in Afghanistan

OIC’s Council on Foreign Ministers Meeting & Pakistan’s Commitment towards Ending Humanitarian Crisis in Afghanistan

Since the US military withdrawal from Afghanistan in August 2021 after its longest and costliest war with an estimated cost of 2 trillion dollars, the Afghan issue has apparently become more complex. Especially, against […]

154 views

Regional security/Region
Will India let Pakistan’s Hopes of an Integrated Region & Abating Cold War II Materialise?

Will India let Pakistan’s Hopes of an Integrated Region & Abating Cold War II Materialise?

Spanning over two decades, the end of the Afghan war heralds a new era not just for Afghanistan, but for the entire region and brings forth an opportunity to rebuild and reconnect for a […]

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India
Military Alliances versus Economic Cooperation

Military Alliances versus Economic Cooperation

The newer Blocs are taking shape based on geo-strategy, geo-economics, and geopolitics. While geo-economics cannot be seen as void of geopolitics, India seems to be taking more interest in the geostrategic domain to tackle […]

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Regional security/Region
Saudi-Iran Rivalry: Implications for Pakistan

Saudi-Iran Rivalry: Implications for Pakistan

Saudi Arabia and Iran have been locked in a bitter competition for power and influence in the Middle East for decades. The age-old rivalry between them is aggravated by ideology, nationalism, race for regional […]

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India
Regional Implications of BECA between US and India

Regional Implications of BECA between US and India

The Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement (BECA) is ‘an agreement signed between the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency of the US Department of Defence and the Defence Ministry of India on 27 October 2020 during 2+2 […]

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Afghanistan
Rays of Hope in Kabul’s Winter

Rays of Hope in Kabul’s Winter

At the time of Kabul’s fall in August 2021, it was already evident to some observers that the people of Afghanistan would face an imminent crisis without the wholehearted assistance of the international community. […]

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Government & Politics
Significance of National Security Policy of Pakistan

Significance of National Security Policy of Pakistan

In today’s complex and uncertain global environment, there is nothing more important than security, whether it is for an individual, community, or state. However, in a changing paradigm, no state can ensure its national […]

240 views

India
Indian Festivities over the S-400 Air Defense System

Indian Festivities over the S-400 Air Defense System

Arrival of the S-400 air defense system (ADS) is being marked with festive celebrations in India with the media tagging the system as a game-changing technology. Their excitement can be felt from the fact […]

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Defense
Non-traditional Security Challenges to Pakistan

Non-traditional Security Challenges to Pakistan

The territorial integrity of any sovereign state remains a vital interest for which it can go to war with any adversary. Historically, territorial disputes were the main source of wars and conflicts between nations […]

313 views

Emerging Technologies
Emerging Technologies & Risk Reduction Measures in South Asia

Emerging Technologies & Risk Reduction Measures in South Asia

The growing use of emerging technologies such as Artificial Intelligence, autonomous vehicles, cyber weapons, space, and remote sensing technologies in defence capabilities have completely changed the dynamics of warfare. It has introduced additional challenges […]

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International Economy
The Currency Switch

The Currency Switch

A utopian dream for cryptocurrencies is to operate in countries with liberty, where the government has the least control over the financial systems. A most recent, unforeseen event was El Salvador’s announcement of Bitcoin […]

242 views

Afghanistan
The Endgame

The Endgame

The hasty withdrawal of US forces from Afghanistan in August 2021 was seen by some as the endgame to their longest-running “forever war”; a 20-year occupation which bled trillions of dollars with little on […]

177 views

Government & Politics
Areas of Cooperation between the US and Pakistan

Areas of Cooperation between the US and Pakistan

Since the withdrawal of the US/NATO forces from Afghanistan, US-Pakistan relations are standing on the edge of a cliff and at crossroads. Nevertheless, despite the undesired agitation between the two nations, there is still room […]

142 views

Regional security/Region
Indo-US Strategic Partnership: Impact on Regional Security

Indo-US Strategic Partnership: Impact on Regional Security

The US is preparing India as a lead nation to challenge China’s rise as a regional power with global ambitions. The US understands that India does not have the necessary wherewithal to contest China […]

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Emerging Technologies
Efficacy of Airborne Laser Weapons in Future Warfare

Efficacy of Airborne Laser Weapons in Future Warfare

Not so long ago, laser weapons were only an idea depicted in sci-fi movies. While it was exciting to see how high-powered lasers could be used as weapons against an enemy force, the actual […]

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Environment
El Nino and La Nina: Effects on Region and Pakistan

El Nino and La Nina: Effects on Region and Pakistan

Introduction to El-Nino and La Nina The terms El Nino and La Nina refer to Pacific Ocean weather phenomenon that oscillates temperature back and forth from warm temperature to cooler and vice versa. El-Nino refers […]

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