Shaza Arif

Research Assistant

Shaza Arif

Shaza Arif

Professional Experience

Shaza Arif is a student of Defence and Diplomatic Studies at Fatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpindi. She has also participated in an international workshop entitled Commonwealth Futures : Re-imaging Peace at Durban University of Technology, South Africa in March 2020. Her areas of interest are Space, Artificial Intelligence and Strategy . She writes opinion articles on issues related to politics, modern warfare and strategy.


Operation Swift Retort: Five Years On

The nature of Indo-Pak relations has been turbulent right from the onset. Numerous events have influenced the trajectory of this bilateral relationship over time. In this regard, February 2019 stands out as both countries were on the verge of military escalation and nearly went to war, was it not for the foresight and restraint of Pakistan’s leadership.

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Layoffs in the Global Tech Industry

Contrary to general perception, in recent years, the tech sector has entered a rather turbulent phase, marked by massive layoffs. 2022 witnessed a staggering  649% increase in layoffs, which continued to manifest itself in the subsequent year. The first quarter of 2023 witnessed a peak in layoffs and the tech industry underwent its most significant contraction in the last ten years, with the loss of more than 240,000 jobs.

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Boycotts: Moral Choices in Turbulent Times

Resistance has many forms. At its core, it reflects how inaction towards injustice is synonymous to complicity. In this regard, the Armed Conflict Location & Events Data project has recently analysed the Israel-Palestine conflict, offering insightful data. According to their report, mass mobilisations have been observed, with approximately 7,283 pro-Palestine protests, from 7th October to 24th November, in 118 countries and territories.

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Stephen Wolfram, What Is ChatGPT Doing … and Why Does It Work?

Artificial Intelligence (AI) models such as ChatGPT have become increasingly popular owing to their impressive human-like responses generated in an unexpectedly short time. Individuals from all age groups continue to explore such models with great excitement, given their captivating potential in different fields from content writing to coding.


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OpenAI’s Leadership Crisis: Lessons to be Learnt

OpenAI has emerged as an important entity in the tech world, gaining immense popularity for its groundbreaking advancements in Artificial Intelligence (AI). The company surfaced to the pinnacle of its popularity following the launch of ChatGPT, an advanced AI tool that impressed users with its human-like writing style. In the form of ChatGPT, OpenAI has made AI tangible, bringing it to everyone’s palm – quite literally.

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Pakistan in 2023: A Reflection

Each year in our life marks a significant milestone, serving not only as a measure of time but as an important chapter at individual and collective levels. No episode occurs in isolation; each leaves a profound impact and steers the future course of events.

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All views and opinions expressed or implied are those of the authors/speakers/internal and external scholars and should not be construed as carrying the official sanction of CASS.