CASS - Centre for Aerospace and Security Studies

Publications

Here are some of our recent Working Papers

Information Security
Militarisation of Social Media

Militarisation of Social Media

Abstract This Working Paper attempts to explore the militarisation aspect of social media and its impacts on national security. It finds that on the one hand, social media has revolutionised the conventions of socialisation and […]

140 views

Emerging Technologies
Adversarial Attacks on Machine Learning – An Appraisal

Adversarial Attacks on Machine Learning – An Appraisal

Abstract Technological evolution continues to define the contours of modern-day society. Amongst the proliferating list of enablers, Machine Learning (ML) has emerged as a driving force for technological advancement at a fast pace. Its efficiency […]

383 views

Defense
Hybrid Warfare and its Nuances: A Case-Study from South Asia

Hybrid Warfare and its Nuances: A Case-Study from South Asia

Abstract In a hypothetical sense, hybrid war, in its all nuances, may prove extremely damaging for Pakistan due to certain evident fault lines in country’s security infrastructure and body politic. India and its closest allies […]

311 views

Government & Politics
Strengthening National Cohesion: A Way Forward for Pakistan

Strengthening National Cohesion: A Way Forward for Pakistan

Abstract: ‘National Cohesion’ is an important prerequisite for an independent and prosperous country. Pakistan’s National Security Policy (2022-26) identified ‘National Cohesion’ as an important pillar of the country’s security architecture. National cohesion builds upon the […]

372 views

Public Value and Technology
Public Value and Citizen-Driven Digital Innovation: A Cryptocurrency Study

Public Value and Citizen-Driven Digital Innovation: A Cryptocurrency Study

Abstract Public value theory was conceived in a time before the far-reaching consequences of the digital era were fully realized, without sufficient explicit consideration of the dynamic and disruptive shifts that might occur on the […]

384 views

International Economy
The Return of Keynesianism? Exploring Path Dependency and Ideational Change in Post-Covid Fiscal Policy

The Return of Keynesianism? Exploring Path Dependency and Ideational Change in Post-Covid Fiscal Policy

Abstract The aim of this article is to explore the nature of policy change in the domain of public finance (fiscal policy) in the wake of the coronavirus disease (Covid-19) pandemic as well as for […]

408 views

International Relations
Introducing ‘Realizm’

Introducing ‘Realizm’

Abstract  According to realist paradigm, the present international system is anarchic and selfish, and therefore needs to be reset, because the gap between the developed and developing nations has reached dangerous levels. The wars between […]

338 views

Government & Politics
Preventing Terrorism from Students of Extremist Madrasahs: An Overview of Pakistan‘s Efforts

Preventing Terrorism from Students of Extremist Madrasahs: An Overview of Pakistan‘s Efforts

Abstract Historically, madrasahs as religious teaching institutions have held a position of esteem and significance in the Indian subcontinent. Since Pakistan’s independence, madrasahs have played a significant role in not only providing religious education, but […]

514 views

International Economy
The Space Silk Road (SSR): An Avenue for China-Pakistan Space Cooperation

The Space Silk Road (SSR): An Avenue for China-Pakistan Space Cooperation

Abstract: The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is an ambitious Chinese undertaking that is simultaneously a surplus recycling mechanism and a multi-stage economic stimulus program. In recent years, the scope of BRI has expanded to […]

733 views

Defense
India’s Acquisition of the S-400 Air Defense System: Implications and Options for Pakistan

India’s Acquisition of the S-400 Air Defense System: Implications and Options for Pakistan

Abstract India’s quest for attaining superior military technology has materialized in New Delhi’s purchase of the S-400 air defense system from Russia. Adhering to the principles of offensive realism, India is aspiring to accumulate maximum […]

856 views

Afghanistan
Afghanistan 2.0:Development, Implications & Policy Options for Pakistan

Afghanistan 2.0:Development, Implications & Policy Options for Pakistan

Introduction August 2021 will long be remembered in world history because during this month the mightiest world power ended its longest and most expensive military campaign against one of the world’s poorest countries, after negotiating […]

735 views

Afghanistan
The Taliban’s Ascendance in Afghanistan: Implications for Pakistan

The Taliban’s Ascendance in Afghanistan: Implications for Pakistan

Synonpsis Afghanistan’s rapidly evolving situation leaves Pakistan in a precarious situation, which fears an uptick of militant violence if the Taliban fail to form a stable and inclusive government by incorporating other Afghan ethnic and […]

619 views

Regional security/Region
The Economic Dimensions of  Pakistan-India Reengagement

The Economic Dimensions of Pakistan-India Reengagement

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The India-Pakistan relationship has been having its vicissitudes, following several years of tense animosity, owing largely to the bellicose and ideologically-charged government in New Delhi. Economic engagement is but one facet of this […]

947 views

International Economy
Economic Diplomacy: A Review

Economic Diplomacy: A Review

Abstract The aim of this Working Paper is to present a review of the Economic Diplomacy (ED) literature. ED has received increasing importance in international political economy and in inter-state relations, which has increased the […]

2658 views

International Economy
Reprieve and Mercy Debt Relief for the Developing  World during Coronavirus

Reprieve and Mercy Debt Relief for the Developing World during Coronavirus

Debt relief is a theme in the developing economics literature that has always garnered considerable interest, both from proponent and opponent camps (Bird and Milne 2003; Boote and Thugge 1997; Chauvin and Kraay 2005). […]

1111 views

COVID-19
Coronavirus v. Pakistan: Early Successes in the Epidemiological Battle

Coronavirus v. Pakistan: Early Successes in the Epidemiological Battle

The coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic that rampaged the earth throughout 2020 also brought the epidemiological battle to Pakistan’s doorstep, where it was thought that structural weaknesses would exact a particularly severe toll. This was because […]

3279 views

Kashmir
Kashmir: Beyond Imbroglios

Kashmir: Beyond Imbroglios

Abstract1 Kashmir is a picturesque region straddled by the boundaries of India, China, Pakistan, and Afghanistan. It has seen a lot of turmoil in the last 30 years. Moreover, Pakistan and India have engaged in […]

1212 views

Society
After the Coronavirus Vaccine’s Discovery: Concerns Regarding a COVID-19 Vaccination’s Distribution

After the Coronavirus Vaccine’s Discovery: Concerns Regarding a COVID-19 Vaccination’s Distribution

  Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3608750 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3608750   Abstract The fervent global quest for the development of a vaccine against the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) begs the frightening questions: who will go first in receiving it? and will everyone get to receive […]

1248 views

Government & Politics
The Lives or Livelihoods? The Coronavirus Dilemma for Administrations

The Lives or Livelihoods? The Coronavirus Dilemma for Administrations

  Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3584726 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3584726   Abstract The Coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic has fomented a moral crisis for administrations struggling to choose between “lives” and “livelihoods”, i.e. between mitigating the public health fallout and averting an economic depression. The challenge […]

1067 views

Government & Politics
Encroachments & the Mystery of Capital: A Pakistani Context

Encroachments & the Mystery of Capital: A Pakistani Context

  Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3557571   Abstract This working paper attempts to examine the economic nature of encroachments in developing countries by considering the context of Pakistan. In the tradition of De Soto (2000), the question of encroachments is […]

1167 views

Government & Politics
MANAGING THE COVID-19 CRISIS

MANAGING THE COVID-19 CRISIS

About the Author Syed Muhammad Ali has led the Centre for Peace, Security & Developmental Studies (CPSD), an independent think tank as its Executive Director. Mr. Ali has a 24 years long, rich and diverse […]

1422 views

Domestic Economy
What ails Pakistan’s Economy? The Problems beyond Coronavirus

What ails Pakistan’s Economy? The Problems beyond Coronavirus

  Available at SSRN:  http://ssrn.com/abstract=3573466   Abstract This working paper considers the structural challenges that confront the Pakistan economy beyond the immediate impositions of contending with Covid19 (coronavirus). Using a general thematic approach, the paper seeks to look beyond […]

1108 views

International Economy
Modern Monetary Theory (MMT): A General Introduction

Modern Monetary Theory (MMT): A General Introduction

  Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3569416 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3569416   Abstract Modern Monetary Theory (MMT) is a heterodox macroeconomic lens that recontextualizes the role of monetary and fiscal policy in sovereign governments that borrow and issue national debt in their own monetary instrument. […]

1314 views

Domestic Economy
Forecasting the Economic Impact of Coronavirus on Developing Countries: Case of Pakistan

Forecasting the Economic Impact of Coronavirus on Developing Countries: Case of Pakistan

  Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3563616   Abstract The Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has already wreaked havoc on the international economy in numerous ways, differentiating itself in particular through its impact on the “real world” economy as opposed to financial market-specific […]

1639 views