CASS - Centre for Aerospace and Security Studies

Recent Articles

Here are some of our recent publications

Nuclear
The BrahMos Missile Fiasco: India’s Contradictory Stance

The BrahMos Missile Fiasco: India’s Contradictory Stance

Apart from the ongoing political and economic turmoil in Pakistan, devastating floods, and the complex regional and international security environment, another piece of news has been making the headlines. The news is related to […]

225 views

Emerging Technologies
Emerging Potential of Quantum Computing

Emerging Potential of Quantum Computing

With rapid advancements in digital engineering and data architecture, we require powerful computational models. Traditional computational models, comprising of binary numbers 1s and 0s, do not have the computational power to sort exorbitant amounts […]

141 views

International Security
US-China Discord in the Pacific Theatre

US-China Discord in the Pacific Theatre

Nancy Pelosi’s recent visit to Taiwan from 2-3 August 2022 has opened a forbidden chapter in US-China relations. The visit, according to the official statement, was meant to be in good faith to defend […]

212 views

Environment
Challenges of Waste Management in Pakistan

Challenges of Waste Management in Pakistan

Waste management, in simple terms, deals with the management and disposal of waste in a more environment friendly and sustainable manner. Solid Waste Management (SWM) is a global challenge affecting countries across the globe […]

186 views

Energy
Compact Urban Development for Reducing Energy Usage in Pakistan

Compact Urban Development for Reducing Energy Usage in Pakistan

Today, an unprecedented energy crisis has gripped Pakistan as a supply crunch and an increase in energy prices puts persistent pressure on the economy and hurts the masses. For the sake of Pakistan’s long-term […]

189 views

Cyber
Cyber Element in the Russia-Ukraine War & its Global Implications

Cyber Element in the Russia-Ukraine War & its Global Implications

Cyber has become a focal point in the conduct of both civil and military operations. Given its emerging destructive potential, it has now become an independent ‘domain’ like land, sea, air, or space in […]

608 views

National Narrative
Defining National Interests (Part II)

Defining National Interests (Part II)

In an article, “Defining National Values” published in Daily Times on August 15, I had insisted, “Non-adherence to the fundamental values that are professed and practised by all religions is one of the most […]

109 views

Environment
Heat Waves – A New Normal

Heat Waves – A New Normal

Most parts of the world, particularly Western Europe, are afflicted by a category 3 heat wave called ‘Zoe’ - the world’s first named heat wave. The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) issued a warning that […]

130 views

Nuclear
Nuclear Proliferation: AUKUS and the Indian Case

Nuclear Proliferation: AUKUS and the Indian Case

The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty’s (NPT) 10th Review Conference (RevCon) is underway in New York (1-26 Aug 2022). The RevCon – held every five years – is meant to review progress on key treaty objectives […]

247 views

Emerging Technologies
Adversarial Attacks on Machine Learning – An Appraisal

Adversarial Attacks on Machine Learning – An Appraisal

Abstract Technological evolution continues to define the contours of modern-day society. Amongst the proliferating list of enablers, Machine Learning (ML) has emerged as a driving force for technological advancement at a fast pace. Its efficiency […]

383 views

National Narrative
Defining National Interests (Part I)

Defining National Interests (Part I)

This year’s Independence Day celebrations were quite differently colourful than the previous years. However, I will deliberately avoid a discussion on the content and style, for obvious reasons. The significance of adherence to core national […]

210 views

Defense
Impermanence of Deterrence Regime: A Cause of Tactical Instability in South Asia

Impermanence of Deterrence Regime: A Cause of Tactical Instability in South Asia

Abstract The overt nuclearisation of South Asia led to the notion that an all-out conventional war between India and Pakistan was a distant probability, whereas, limited wars on the periphery may not be avoidable between […]

55 views

COVID-19
COVID-19, Job Market Disruptions & Cooperatives Alternative:  A Case Study of Pakistan

COVID-19, Job Market Disruptions & Cooperatives Alternative: A Case Study of Pakistan

Abstract The objective conditions of Pakistan’s economy -especially in its labour market - have not kept pace with broader demographic changes such as population growth. This has created wide-ranging socioeconomic inequities in the form of […]

40 views

Emerging Technologies
Future Warfare and Emerging Military Technologies:  An Analysis of US Defence Modernisation

Future Warfare and Emerging Military Technologies: An Analysis of US Defence Modernisation

Abstract Analysing United States’ defence modernisation plans and strategies about Autonomous Weapon Systems (AWS), Joint All-Domain Command and Control (JADC2), space militarisation, hypersonic vehicles and digital engineering and data architecture, the paper discusses what impact […]

53 views

Emerging Technologies
Evolving Role of UAVs: A Case of Pakistan

Evolving Role of UAVs: A Case of Pakistan

Abstract The use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) has grown significantly in recent years. Because of their efficiency, precision, low cost, and lower risk, UAVs have seen rapid adoption in civil, commercial, and military sectors. […]

58 views

Emerging Technologies
Military Applications of Artificial Intelligence: Impact on Warfare

Military Applications of Artificial Intelligence: Impact on Warfare

Abstract Artificial Intelligence (AI) has surfaced as a potent enabler that has penetrated all areas of human life. Given its profound efficiency and inspired by the postulates of realism, this dual-use enabler is now being […]

102 views

International Economy
Public Value and the Digital Economy

Public Value and the Digital Economy

Usman W. Chohan, Public Value and the Digital Economy (London/New York: Routledge, 2021). Reviewer: M Mubashir Ehsan In Public Value and the Digital Economy, Dr Usman W. Chohan, Director Economic Affairs and National Development at […]

117 views

Government & Politics
Civil-Military Relations and Global Security Governance: Strategy, Hybrid Orders, and the Case of Pakistan

Civil-Military Relations and Global Security Governance: Strategy, Hybrid Orders, and the Case of Pakistan

Cornelia Baciu, Civil-Military Relations and Global Security Governance: Strategy, Hybrid Orders, and the Case of Pakistan (London/New York: Routledge, 2021). Reviewer: Amna Tauhidi Civil-Military Relations and Global Security Governance: Strategy, Hybrid Orders, and the case of […]

126 views

India
Modi’s India: Hindu Nationalism and the Rise of Ethnic Democracy

Modi’s India: Hindu Nationalism and the Rise of Ethnic Democracy

Christophe Jaffrelot, L’Inde de Modi: National-populisme et démocratie ethnique (Modi’s India: Hindu Nationalism and the Rise of Ethnic Democracy), trnsl. Cynthia Schoch (New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2021), pp. 639. Reviewer: Shaza Arif In this English […]

134 views

Cyber
Digital Frontiers of the Cold War 2.0

Digital Frontiers of the Cold War 2.0

In 2020, the United States banned Huawei from participating in development of its 5G networks on the grounds that the company’s obligations towards the Chinese government made it a national security threat. In May […]

197 views

India
From Ganga to Pulwama: India’s False Flag Operations

From Ganga to Pulwama: India’s False Flag Operations

Junaid Ahmad and Ibnul Hasan Rizvi, From Ganga to Pulwama: India’s False Flag Operations (Karachi: AJA Publishers, 2020). Reviewer: Zuhaib Anwar For years, India has worked to undermine Pakistan in many different ways on the world […]

154 views

Emerging Technologies
Potential of Nanotechnology

Potential of Nanotechnology

Emerging technologies such as AI, robotics and cyber have been in the limelight in defence and military domains since the 1950s; however, nanotechnology has not had a fair share of publicity. The global nanotechnology […]

211 views

National Narrative
Defining National Values

Defining National Values

Pakistan is at 75 now, with a population of 220 million people growing at a rate of two per cent. The country has nuclear capability, alongside strong conventional armed forces to defend its territorial […]

213 views

Global view
Liberal Democracy

Liberal Democracy

The archons of “Western democracy” have long professed the belief that liberal democratic ideals are universal and must therefore be spread across the world at any cost. Where they have not promoted the so-called […]

249 views