CASS - Centre for Aerospace and Security Studies

Publications

Here are some of our recent OP-Eds

International Security
US-China Discord in the Pacific Theatre

US-China Discord in the Pacific Theatre

Nancy Pelosi’s recent visit to Taiwan from 2-3 August 2022 has opened a forbidden chapter in US-China relations. The visit, according to the official statement, was meant to be in good faith to defend […]

212 views

Environment
Challenges of Waste Management in Pakistan

Challenges of Waste Management in Pakistan

Waste management, in simple terms, deals with the management and disposal of waste in a more environment friendly and sustainable manner. Solid Waste Management (SWM) is a global challenge affecting countries across the globe […]

186 views

Energy
Compact Urban Development for Reducing Energy Usage in Pakistan

Compact Urban Development for Reducing Energy Usage in Pakistan

Today, an unprecedented energy crisis has gripped Pakistan as a supply crunch and an increase in energy prices puts persistent pressure on the economy and hurts the masses. For the sake of Pakistan’s long-term […]

190 views

Cyber
Cyber Element in the Russia-Ukraine War & its Global Implications

Cyber Element in the Russia-Ukraine War & its Global Implications

Cyber has become a focal point in the conduct of both civil and military operations. Given its emerging destructive potential, it has now become an independent ‘domain’ like land, sea, air, or space in […]

608 views

National Narrative
Defining National Interests (Part II)

Defining National Interests (Part II)

In an article, “Defining National Values” published in Daily Times on August 15, I had insisted, “Non-adherence to the fundamental values that are professed and practised by all religions is one of the most […]

109 views

Environment
Heat Waves – A New Normal

Heat Waves – A New Normal

Most parts of the world, particularly Western Europe, are afflicted by a category 3 heat wave called ‘Zoe’ - the world’s first named heat wave. The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) issued a warning that […]

130 views

Nuclear
Nuclear Proliferation: AUKUS and the Indian Case

Nuclear Proliferation: AUKUS and the Indian Case

The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty’s (NPT) 10th Review Conference (RevCon) is underway in New York (1-26 Aug 2022). The RevCon – held every five years – is meant to review progress on key treaty objectives […]

247 views

National Narrative
Defining National Interests (Part I)

Defining National Interests (Part I)

This year’s Independence Day celebrations were quite differently colourful than the previous years. However, I will deliberately avoid a discussion on the content and style, for obvious reasons. The significance of adherence to core national […]

210 views

Cyber
Digital Frontiers of the Cold War 2.0

Digital Frontiers of the Cold War 2.0

In 2020, the United States banned Huawei from participating in development of its 5G networks on the grounds that the company’s obligations towards the Chinese government made it a national security threat. In May […]

197 views

Emerging Technologies
Potential of Nanotechnology

Potential of Nanotechnology

Emerging technologies such as AI, robotics and cyber have been in the limelight in defence and military domains since the 1950s; however, nanotechnology has not had a fair share of publicity. The global nanotechnology […]

211 views

National Narrative
Defining National Values

Defining National Values

Pakistan is at 75 now, with a population of 220 million people growing at a rate of two per cent. The country has nuclear capability, alongside strong conventional armed forces to defend its territorial […]

213 views

Global view
Liberal Democracy

Liberal Democracy

The archons of “Western democracy” have long professed the belief that liberal democratic ideals are universal and must therefore be spread across the world at any cost. Where they have not promoted the so-called […]

249 views

Political Landscape
Pakistan – The Ongoing Crises

Pakistan – The Ongoing Crises

The recent events in Pakistan have been nothing short of a typical South Asian soap opera with complicated plots and convoluted turns, leaving the public in shock with the unfolding each successive scene. While […]

628 views

Economic Security
Pakistan under Economic Strangulation?

Pakistan under Economic Strangulation?

In my previous article, essentiality of political stability for economic security was discussed in detail. However, in this article, significance of economic security as an element of human security that is extremely important for […]

232 views

Government & Politics
Is there a Way Out of the Mess Pakistan is in?

Is there a Way Out of the Mess Pakistan is in?

Pakistan today is in a situation never witnessed before during the last 75 years.  Pakistani rupee is depreciating at an unprecedented rate. The depreciation witnessed just in the last three and a half months […]

236 views

Nuclear
Declining Prospects of US-Russia Arms Control: From Cold War to Ukraine Crisis

Declining Prospects of US-Russia Arms Control: From Cold War to Ukraine Crisis

The United States (US) and Russia are the two largest nuclear weapon states possessing 90% of the world’s nuclear arsenal. During the Cold War, despite being hostile toward each other, both superpowers made significant […]

222 views

Domestic Economy
For a Song

For a Song

The government is mulling the sale of shares in prime state-owned companies to foreign owners, and the rationale being provided is that the country must take desperate measures to avoid an imminent default. That […]

200 views

National Narrative
The Essentiality of Political Stability for Economic Security

The Essentiality of Political Stability for Economic Security

Political sloganeering during an election campaign is a usual phenomenon across the globe, because according to Carl Von Bismarck’s dictum, “Politics is the art of the possible.” For the same purpose, political actors design […]

231 views

Environment
Pakistan: Heatwave Chars National Well-being

Pakistan: Heatwave Chars National Well-being

A brutal heat wave with record high temperatures scorched cities across Pakistan from March till June this year. Sindh’s Nawabshah city recorded 2022’s hottest ever temperature with mercury soaring to 51oC. While hot temperatures […]

215 views

National Narrative
Gilgit-Baltistan: A Just Province

Gilgit-Baltistan: A Just Province

Looking Back at History Before the partition of the Indian subcontinent, the present day Gilgit-Baltistan (GB) region was part of Jammu & Kashmir (J&K), one of the largest states of India. This princely state was […]

284 views

Global Politics
Will Populism Survive in Future Politics?

Will Populism Survive in Future Politics?

During the Cold War, the world was divided between two distinct and very conflicting ideologies: Capitalism and Communism. The fall of the Soviet Union left a political vacuum in the world order. This vacuum […]

231 views

Regional security/Region
Saudi-Iran Rapprochement: Vital for Middle East’s Security

Saudi-Iran Rapprochement: Vital for Middle East’s Security

Iran and Saudi Arabia, two regional powers and important members of the Muslim world, have a history of strained relations. Geopolitical contestation between them goes back at least as far as the 1979 Iranian […]

227 views

Emerging Technologies
Towards AI Sentience?

Towards AI Sentience?

Artificial Intelligence or AI continues to amaze us in different ways. The recent episode of Blake Lemoine and the Language Model for Dialogue Applications (LaMDA) has once again sparked the debate regarding the potential […]

163 views

Warfare and Strategy
The Art and Science of Hybrid War

The Art and Science of Hybrid War

The concept of hybrid war is not new, rather its tenets include all shades of kinetic and non-kinetic warfare. However, what is new is its scientific application in an artistic manner. The artistic mannerism […]

210 views