Cyber and Space - Opportunities and Challenges For Pakistan

Cyber and Space - Opportunities and Challenges For Pakistan

11 Dec 2019     Conference / Seminar

The present day world is becoming increasingly dependent on space based infrastructure including satellites, ground stations and data-links, which are transnational and trans-boundaries. At the same time, all space applications are increasingly dependent on computers and connectivity. Since cyber security and space security are inextricably linked, analyzing the intersection between cyber and space security is essential to understanding the benefits, as well as threats from both the technologies.


The endeavours to overcome the challenges of exploring and working in space have led to many technological and scientific advances that have yielded societal benefits in the areas of medicine, communications, transportation, public safety, financial and business services, weather and environmental monitoring, information technology and defence systems etc. While utilisation of space technologies in defence applications has brought about revolution in military affairs, it has also exposed the national defence to many vulnerabilities. The future of space technology offers many additional opportunities such as asteroid mining, space manufacturing, and space based solar power - to mention just a few. However, weaponization of space, nuclear powered satellites and some other space systems are fraught with many dangers. While the entire human race is benefiting from technological progression in the realm of space, the developed countries, with space programmes of their own, are able to exercise almost absolute control over these technologies and thus reap greater economic benefits as well as strengthen their own defence while exploiting security of other nations. With rapid technological advancements, introduction of various treaties and control regimes etc. dependence of the developing countries on the developed ones continues to grow, with resultant increasing effects on their national security and economic growth.


The increasing dependence of individuals, organizations, and governments on computers, networking, and cyberspace has increased the vulnerability and threat of exploitation faced by the industry, economic institutions, public service systems, and also the military which impacts the national security of any country. The hostile cyber operations can either damage and steal data or disrupt the digital life in general. Cyber threats may include but are not limited to computer viruses, data breaches, and Denial of Service (DoS) attacks. With each passing day, the cyber security landscape is becoming more complex due to ever emerging newer threats. The problem is compounded by lack of legal frameworks and attributability. Additionally, the vulnerability of satellites and other space assets to cyber-attack is often overlooked in wider discussions of cyber threats to critical national infrastructure. Vulnerabilities at the junction of space-based or space-derived capability with cyber security cause major national, regional and international security concerns. However, these go unaddressed, except in some ‘high end’ space-based systems. Weaponization as well as nuclearization of space exposes it to newer dimension under cyber threats. Like other countries, Pakistan’s institutions, organizations, industry, banking system, and the military are heavily dependent on the use of computers, networks and internet etc. and thus exposed to the cyber threats.

Detailed Program

Session I
1515 1550 hrs

Reception of the Guests/ Sign up

1600 1605 hrs

Recitation of the Holy Quran

1605 1615 hrs

Opening Remarks and Overview

Air Chief Marshal Kaleem Saadat, NI (M), (Retd), President CASS

1615 1625 hrs

Remarks by 

Dr. Moeed Yousaf, Chairman SPPC

1625 1640 hrs

Keynote Speaker 

Ambassador Zameer Akram

1640 1655 hrs

Space Programme - Significance/ Benefits and Pre-requisites

Air Marshal Waseem ud Din, HI (M), (Retd) - Director CASS

1655 1710 hrs

International and Regional Space Programmes - Implications for Pakistan

Dr. Raja Qaiser Ahmed, QAU

1710 1725 hrs

Pakistan's Space Programme - Way Forward

Major General Amer Nadeem, (HI) M, Chairman SUPARCO

1725 1820 hrs

Question and Answer Session

Session II
1825 1840 hrs

Cyber Realities - Developments and Disruptive Potential 

Khawaja Mohammad Ali, CISA, CRISC

1840 1855 hrs

Cyber Challenges for Pakistan and Way Forward

Dr. Murid Hussain, DDG NESCOM

1855 1910 hrs

The Dynamics of Cyber and Space Economics

Dr. Usman Chohan, Director CASS

1910 2000 hrs

Question and Answer Session 

2000 2020 hrs

Closing Remarks by Chief Guest 

H.E Fawad Hussain, Minister Science and Technology

2020 2030 hrs

Vote of Thanks by President CASS & Presentation of Souvenirs


2030 2115 hrs



Press Release : Cyber and Space - Opportunities and Challenges For Pakistan, Dated : 11 Dec 2019
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